Food microbiology is an applied science and the important application of Food microbiologist is to help assure food processing and provide safe food to the consumer. One of the main intention of including Food and Industrial Microbiology as a department in food technology is to create the awareness of need of safe food supply, awareness of hygiene and sanitation in food processing and to study the production of various fermented foods by using different micro-organism.
Food biotechnology includes genetically modification, Recombinant DNA technology which is an additional method to improve quality of existing farmlands and to improve the quality of food supply. In food, technology field uses advanced methods to improve the quality and quantity of food by using microorganism. Food technology involves the process of designing and updating the manufacturing process of food products as well as new food and high-quality biological products can be prepared using microorganisms. Also, in industries microorganisms are used to preserve food and its quality.
In industrial food production, microorganisms play a critical role in the manufacturing of a variety of food substances.